Agile QA Process for Projects – Best Practices

As an incremental and iterative agile approach for software development, scrum is used widely by enterprises across the world to manage product development in a holistic and flexible way. Scrum requires the development team to work as a single unit for accomplishing a common goal. The agile approach further assumes that the clients can always change their mind about their wants and needs during the project.

Therefore, it becomes essential for both software developers and testers to explore innovative ways to deliver valuable features of business in short development iterations varying from 2 to 4 weeks. Thus, the traditional programming practices fail to complement agile QA process on scrum projects. The QA engineers also need to keep in mind several best practices to optimize the agile QA process on scrum projects.

6 Best Practices for Implementing Agile QA process on Scrum Projects

1) Make the Team Member Understand the Customer Requirements
qa and testing servicesTo make the agile QA process more effective, the team members involved in quick iterations must possess practical experience and expertise. The expertise and experience in practice will make it easier for the professional to reduce the customary delays and quicken the iteration. For instance, when a team member is representing a financial customer he must be familiar with the customer’s wants and requirements.

2) Use Specific Agile Terms and Examples
Several agile terms and examples must be used frequently to help the team in migrating to agile QA process. Some of the common terms associated with conventional project management needs to be replaced with specific agile terms and examples. For instance, user stories can replace terms like requirements, whereas term like Project Management Office has to be replaced with Agile Center of Excellence.

3) Co-locate the Team Members
To accomplish the desired QA results, it is important to allow team members to meet and interact with each other unabatedly. An organization can even consider co-locating the team of software developers in a single room to create the physical environment or ambience required for unrestricted collaboration. At the same time, the organization needs to use latest communication tools to facilitate smooth interaction between local and remote teams. It can even reorganize the office space to create the perfect physical environment for collaboration.

4) Identify the Measurable Results to be accomplished through Agile
To get the desired QA results, an organization must identify the measurable goals. Once the goals are identified, it will be easier for the organization to explain the project outcomes to the team members by preparing a vision statement. The vision statement will make it easier for software developers to write the predetermined code within a specific timeframe to deliver the valuable features of business.

5) Adjust the Oversight Requirements
The team also needs to adjust the oversight requirements through demonstrations that are both frequent and tangible. These tangible demonstrations will further make it easier for the business to gain the trust of both customers and reviewers. Also, the interaction with client will help businesses in avoiding additional oversight documents and databases.

6) Accelerate the Delivery of Business Features
As noted earlier, scrum approach assumes that the mind and requirements of the customer may change during production. So the members of the QA team must use the latest tools to track the modifications required by the client, and deliver the features on schedule. The developers can even refer to compliant development sites to comply with the security and architectural needs of the domain.

Coordination between the product owner, ScrumMaster and team members is also essential for smooth agile QA process on scrum projects. Instead of managing the team, the ScrumMaster aims to increase productive and creativity of team members by removing all impediments. So the ScrumMaster must identify and remove all hurdles to implement the agile QA process on scrum projects perfectly.

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Selenium – How it fits in software company testing process?

The highly responsive and interactive software processes demand testing to be carried out so that the ultimate product that reaches the customer turns to be as perfect as possible. For this purpose automated tests find a special place amongst the various processes of a software company. In automated testing a software tool is used for running of repeatable tests on the application in question. There are several tools that can serve the purpose; amongst them a very prominent one is Selenium.

selenium automation testingSelenium consists of various software tools with different approaches for supporting of automated tests. When testers use the complete suite, the resultant testing functions turn out to be extremely rich with various approaches for various problems. Each of the multiple software tools in the framework has specific functions. This free testing framework has been considered as one of the most efficient tools in the market currently. It has four main components- IDE, Web Driver, Grid and Remote Control.

IDE or Integrated Development Environment- This is the tool for prototyping and helps in building of test scripts. This Firefox plugin provides an interface which can be used easily for development of automated tests. There is a recording feature in it that helps in recording of user actions when performed. The recording is then exported as reusable script in any of the to-be executed programming languages.

Remote Control- Remote Control or RC had been the primary Selenium for quite some time. This actively supported tool provides several powerful features like supporting almost all browsers and supporting a variety of languages such as Ruby, Javascript, Java, PHP, Python, C#, Perl, etc.

Webdriver- This is considered the latest addition to the toolkit with a variety of great features that includes a more object oriented and cohesive API. It is the combined effort of WebDriver and Selenium developers, providing support to both the technologies.

Grid- By virtue of Grid, RC can scale large test suites as well as test suites that have to be run in multiple environments. It allows the running of several tests at same time but on various remote machines. The performance of slow-functioning test suites or large suites can be boosted through its use. It works by dividing the suite so that different machines can be used for running of various tests at same time. It uses parallel processing to improve the time taken.

Some unique features

  • Unmatched flexibility, browser integration and extensibility which cannot be found in other proprietary tools available normally.
  • DOM or document object model level testing is not only powerful but simple as well which makes continuous Agile project integration very easy.
  • A huge assortment of IDEs like Visual Studio, Netbeans, Eclipse, etc can be used according to the selected development language.
  • Multiple browsers like Firefox, Internet Explorer, Opera, Safari, etc are supported by it on Linux, Windows and Mac OS X.

Some tips

  • In most cases, assert command should be used instead of verify as normally in case of the latter the running test case normally fails.
  • In case of website that cannot be framed, multiwindow option should be used and not interactive.
  • When there is problem with the working of recording, the Firefox browser should be visited and Tools, Add on and then Selenium IDE selected. It should be disabled first and then again enabled. After the browser is restarted it generally works normally.
  • A wrapper can be written in .net.jsp for the suite so that it can be maintained easily in html.

Just like others, Selenium is not free from certain limitations. But considering the advantages that it offers, the limitations appear to be minuscule. If we work around those limitations we will be able to boast of a test case that is easy to implement, multifunctional and time-saving.

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Has Robotium earned its place in automated testing

Robotium is mainly used to automate UI test cases and it also internally utilized for run-time binding for the Graphical User Interface (GUI) components. Robotium was introduced within the Apache License 2.0. Downloading of Robotium is completely free and that can easily be utilized by anyone and also by any enterprises and is developed on Java & JUnit 3. It would be very correct to consider Robotium as an extension from the Android Test Unit Framework. Robotium could even function with no application, in the test’s source-code. The test cases written with Robotium either can be implemented on the Android Emulator (Android Virtual Device (AVD)). Programmers could write function, system, & acceptance test situations throughout several tasks. It is considered as the world’s popular Automation Testing Framework, and several open source developers have been making contributions in bringing in many more amazing features in future releases.

robotium testersHave you just now completed coding on your very first app, now stop before you launch that to the wild, it’s essential to carry out extremely important action, that is testing. The majority of Java developers in the market are familiar with Selenium. It isn’t regarding the metalloid 34Se. It’s about the Java based automated application tester. Fortunately for the Android programmers, there is another similar tool known as Robotium. As stated in the Robotium project page, Robotium happens to be an Android test automation framework which has the total support for the native & hybrid applications. Robotium makes it simple to compose robust and powerful automatic black-box test cases. Due to the support from Robotium, test case programmers can easily write function, system and also recognition testing situations, spanning a number of Android tasks.

Fortunately, XDA Senior Member EatHeat has written an instructions manual that can help new developers to execute automated testing to their applications by using this tool. At the moment the manual addresses installation and the usage of Robotium to test out your applications, considering that there is a source code in your disposal. Then again, do not panic very much in case you do not have. EatHeat is also thinking about expanding his manual for including Robotium’s capability to test apps even if source is not available. Therefore now you just need to have the APK. You need to remember that you should now be able to test your application by yourself manually prior to releasing that to the wild. People who would like to do some added testing, Robotium could be exactly what you’re looking for.

To begin with, one should go with the Robotium project page in Google Code. When you have downloaded the necessary files, go into the original thread for the EatHeat’s manual. An open source automation testing framework, Robotium is needed to write a robust & powerful black box for the Android applications (the focus is mainly upon the black box test cases). This completely supports testing for the native & hybrid apps. Native applications have been live for the device, which is, designed for the particular platform and that can get installed through the Google Play Store, while Hybrid applications tend to be partially native and partially web applications. These could be also installed through the app store, then again need to have the HTML getting rendered on the browser.

You can hire developers from top robotium testing companies in India who can help you build applications within allocated budgets and time schedules.

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